message to the warrior(s).queens

timing is relevant (en for dis’ series, the 16th century is as relevant as the present)…. as distant as these stories may seem they’re (some of) the pieces we need to over/stand why we’re here en what we can do about it.

It is necessary to go back for what we’ve forgotten, en move forward with it….basically, these case/studies are a sneak preview of (living) POCstars featured in the Q werd….stories of lion/nesse/s speaking….

hadithi? hadithi?

nilienda osogbo, wakaniambia hadithi ya amina wa zazzau (na queen bakwa turunku), kwa hivyo leo tunaenda zaria…..

Zaria City is located between latitude 90 and 120 North and longitude 70 and 90 East and with average rainfall covering the month of May to October.

Zazzau aka. as Zaria City (the Administrative Headquarters of the Emirate) was named after the younger sister of the famous Queen Amina who conquered and annexed most of the important Hausa States.  The evidence of her conquest are still visible in some of the Hausa Towns where the remains of the Walls exist as “Ganuwan Amina”.

The frontiers of Zazzau extended to cover many towns down South and up North, Katsina, Kano, Zamfara, Bauchi and Plateau States Border the Emirate. The Capital of Zazzau was moved from Turunku to Kufena and finally to Zaria City.

The seven original states of Hausaland: Katsina, Daura, Kano, Zazzau, Gobir, Rano, and Garun Gabas cover an area of approximately 500 square miles and comprise the heart of Hausaland. In the sixteenth century, Queen Bakwa Turunku built the capital of Zazzau at Zaria, named after her younger daughter. Eventually, the entire state of Zazzau was renamed Zaria, which is now a province in present-day Nigeria.

However it was her elder daughter, the legendary Amina (or Aminatu), who inherited her mother’s warlike nature. Amina was 16 years old when her mother became queen and she was given the traditional title of magajiya. She honed her military skills and became famous for her bravery and military exploits, as she is celebrated in song as “Amina daughter of Nikatau, a woman as capable as a man.”

Amina is credited as the architect who created the strong earthen walls around the city, which was the prototype for the fortifications used in all Hausa states. She built many of these fortifications, which became known as ganuwar Amina or Amina’s walls, around various conquered cities.

The objectives of her conquests were twofold: extension of Zazzau beyond its primary borders and reducing the conquered cities to vassal status. Sultan Muhammad Bello of Sokoto stated that, “She made war upon these countries and overcame them entirely so that the people of Katsina paid tribute to her and the men of Kano [and]… also made war on cities of Bauchi till her kingdom reached to the sea in the south and the west.” Likewise, she led her armies as far as Nupe and, according to the Kano Chronicle, “The Sarkin Nupe sent her [the princess] 40 eunuchs and 10,000 kola nuts. She was the first in Hausaland to own eunuchs and kola nuts.”

Amina was a preeminent gimbiya (princess) but various theories exist as to the time of her reign or if she ever was a queen. One explanation states that she reigned from approximately 1536 to 1573, while another posits that she became queen after her brother Karama’s death, in 1576. Yet another claims that although she was a leading princess, she was never a queen.

Despite the discrepancies, over a 34-year period, her many conquests and subsequent annexation of the territories extended the borders of Zaria, which also grew in importance and became the center of the North-South Saharan trade and the East-West Sudan trade.